SCHOONER ERNESTINA, Ex. Effie M.Morrissey, was built in 1894 at the James and Tarr Shipyard for the Gloucester fishing fleet. Under Captain Bob Bartlett she sailed to within 600 miles of the North Pole, and later brought immigrants to the U.S. under the power of sail. Returned to the US in 1982 as a gift from the newly independent Cape Verdean people, she sailed as an educator until 2005.

What’s Old is New Again

The lead ballast removed from Ernestina-Morrissey last summer has returned to Boothbay Harbor Shipyard.

As the lead was removed from the bilges it was stacked on pallets.

Lead pigs removed from the bilges of Ernestina-Morrissey. photo credit Harold Burnham

The plans for the present rehabilitation include a keel with external ballast.

Plans for keel with external ballast

The wood keel on the ship is being removed.  Judging from the type of wood, identified as pine from Portugal, the keel was replaced during the reconstruction in Cape Verde.  The wooden parts of the new keel will be made of the Danish oak now curing in the sheds of the shipyard.

Download an enlarged drawing.

Download January 26, 2016 Construction Plan.

Pine keel, likely from the Cape Verde rebuild. photo credit Harold Burnham

The pallets of lead were delivered to the foundry where the lead was recast. The external ballast sections were delivered to the shipyard recently.

The sections of external ballast for the keel have been delivered from the foundry. photo credit Harold Burnham

It is exciting to know that the dismantling of the ship is well underway and the restoration is beginning!  Check back often for the latest news!

New Year in Boothbay Harbor

As the New Year begins, the dismantling of Ernestina-Morrissey continues but in the sheds the new construction begins!

Silk removing the ceiling, what remains of the engine room bulkhead is on the right. credit H.Burnham

Here is a photo from November to compare. The “ceiling” is the planking that covers the frames on the inside of the ship.  The ceiling is still in place in the photo below. You can see the exhaust pipe overhead and the bulkhead that is nearly gone in the more recent photo.  You can also see the hull aft to the transom encompassing the stern post, aft cabin and lazerette, also gone in the photo above.

Engine room looking aft, the only equipment left is the exhaust pipes and part of the bulkhead to the aft cabin

Pine keel, (from the stern) likely from the Cape Verde rebuild credit H.Burnham

Rudder box and rudder post credit H.Burnham

Ross cutting the rabbet into the sternpost credit H.Burnham

Ross working on the sternpost. Note the rabbet cut and tenon on the bottom. credit H.Burnham

As 2016 begins it is exciting to see work on the new structures for a SAILING Ernestina-Morrissey. Many thanks to the Schooner Ernestina Commission, Massachusetts’ Department of Conservation and Recreation, DCR representative Capt. Harold Burnham and Boothbay Harbor Shipyard.

DOCK-U-MENTARIES presents Captains Courageous

Join us Friday, January 15 for the screening of this award winning movie!

Jan 15 2016 | 07:00 pm

New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Visitors’ Center
Corson Maritime Learning Center 33 William St.
New Bedford, MA

Don’t miss this opportunity to see fishing schooners like Ernestina-Morrissey, then Effie M. Morrrissey, in sailing footage filmed of the Gloucester fleet in 1937.  You will see some of her Essex sisters but not Ernestina-Morrissey. (In 1937 the Morrissey was in the Arctic on the “Bartlett Northwest Greenland Expedition” under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution and the Chicago Zoological Society.)  The deck scenes and those below in the aft cabin and fo’c’s’le will look very familiar if you have sailed aboard the Ernestina-Morrissey. The hard life of the dorymen of Gloucester is portrayed as you would expect in this 1937 Hollywood movie.  Join us Friday, January 15 for the screening of this award winning movie!

Based on a story by Rudyard Kipling, this classic film from 1937 chronicles the friendship that develops between a rich and spoiled young boy and the hardworking Portuguese fisherman who saves him from a watery grave when he falls off an ocean liner and is picked up by a Gloucester fishing       vessel off the Grand Banks. Directed by Victor Fleming, the film was nominated for four Academy Awards (Best Picture, Best Film Editing – Elmo Veron, and Best Screenplay – Marc Connolly, John Lee Mahin, Dale Van Every) with Spencer Tracy taking home his very first Best Actor Oscar.  This screening is co-sponsored by:  New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park, the New Bedford Fishing Heritage Center, and the Schooner Ernestina-Morrissey Association, Inc.

DOCK-U-MENTARIES is a co-production of New Bedford Fishing Heritage Center, Inc. and New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park

Ernestina-Morrissey’s Stern

Schooner Ernestina Commissioner Fred Sterner observed that the stern seems the most obvious problem area to be addressed during the current project to restore the ship's hull.

Fred visited Boothbay Harbor Shipyard in mid-November, 2015.  These photographs were taken then.

You can see that this structure could not safely withstand the forces of the main sheet tackle on the boom buffer.

The boom buffer, in the center of the transom, below the rail, absorbs the shock when the ship jibes.

Here is a photo from 1977 when this structure was rebuilt in Cape Verde prior to the ship's return to the US as a gift from Cape Verde. There is no deck structure yet but you can see the transom and the sternpost.

Here's a long view.

Here's what it looked like in Cape Verde, 1979.

You can read about the efforts to repatriate the Ernestina-Morrissey from 1972-1982 by clicking the dates on the left of the timeline.

By mid-December, 2015, the cover over the ship was complete and as you can see the transom has been removed.

photo credit: Boothbay Harbor Shipyard

The transom in gone, the quarter-bits stand out against the horizon. photo credit: Boothbay Harbor Shipyard

The boom-buffer, along with other equipment has been safely stored at the shipyard and will be re-installed on the ship.  Did you know that boom buffers were invented by Jacob Edson?   “Jacob Edson formed Edson Corp. to design and manufacture specialty hardware for the commercial marine trade. He invented the diaphragm pump the year the company was formed, and other early inventions included a “boom buffer” to reduce the shock when a sailboat jibes, along with hardware and steering systems for the great Boston area fishing fleets, coastal schooners and cargo vessels.”

We’re not sure if this boom buffer is an Edson design, ( a New Bedford company) but we do know that the two one-gallon-a-stroke bilge pumps are Edson pumps.


“Lofting is a drafting technique (sometimes using mathematical tables) whereby curved lines are generated, to be used in plans for streamlined objects such as aircraft and boats.”

Boothbay Harbor Shipyard is lofting the Ernestina-Morrissey to bring her closer to her original faired lines and over all shape. To do this they are using a blend of historic photographs and lines taken in 2008,  2015, and some preserved at Mystic Seaport, which were drawn by Southmayd Hatch & Thomas A. Soyster at Staten Island, NY in April 1931

A lofting table has been set up inside to lay out the ship's plans.

Lines are drawn on the lofting table using the table of offsets. The intersection points are marked, in this case with ice picks, then a flexible batten is bent along the line formed. The batten's shape is used to draw the curve on the table. This curve represents the full-sized shape of the hull at one frame

A pattern will be made from this curve which will be used to insure each of the futtocks, that together form the ship's frames, will be the correct shape.

There are more photos in the Flickr Album.

You can help us with your DONATION to make sure Ernestina-Morrissey sails again.

Frames and Fastenings

It is surprising, even startling,  the first time you see the ship with the whole aft deck off.  But then you remember this is what has to happen for the ship to return to sailing again.

You notice the mass of the deck beams and lodging knees that supported the deck,  just amazing!  Then you notice all the stubs of fastenings.

They don’t all seem the same.

Then you remember the history of these fastenings, when this structure was new.

This photo was taken in Cape Verde in 1979 when the ship was being prepared for it's return to the United States as a gift from the Republic of Cape Verde

The promise to return the Ernestina to the United States was a huge commitment from Cape Verde,  this small island country, newly independent from Portugal.  They worked hard and sacrificed and received donations from supporters.  Some of the fastenings were donated by Tremont Nail Company.  SEMA President Julius Britto who was a member of the first Schooner Ernestina Commission recollects “In about 1978 or 79 I was able to get some of the last few square cut nails from the Tremont Nail Factory. As best that I can recall I stopped by the factory. An older gentlemen at the factory found a half dozen boxes of large square nails in wooden boxes.  When I told him what we would be using them for in Cape Verde he donated them.” And some of the fastenings used were fabricated in Cape Verde.

You can see the fastening, center right, is clearly one of those fabricated from re-rod in Cape Verde. Check the link above for more information.

When you see this you think of all the craftspeople who have worked on the ship over the years from the original shipwrights who built the Effie M. Morrissey in the James and Tarr yard in Essex, then of the greenheart sheath and other modifications Captain Bartlett made to transform the ship into an Arctic expedition vessel.  Then as Ernestina, the continued work of Captain Henrique Mendes to “keep her going” and the work by the Cape Verdean People preparing their gift to the US.   Once in Massachusetts, the work to bring the ship to US Coast Guard certification lead by Captain Dan Moreland and the Schooner Ernestina Commission, and  always haulouts for continued maintenance through 2004.

Now the ship is being readied for “the rest of the story”  or at least the next chapter of the remarkable story of this amazing vessel Ernestina-Morrissey.

There are more photos in the Flickr Album.

You can help us with your DONATION to make sure Ernestina-Morrissey sails again.

Heavy Lifting

Ernestina-Morrissey’s bow, fore-deck and stem were renewed during the 2008-2009 work funded by a grant from the National Park Service’s Save America’s Treasures Program matched by Massachusetts DCR and private donors.  That work must be supported during this project’s keel work.

An I-beam was inserted through the forepeak.

The I-beam is supported on either side by another beam with a jack for leveling.

This photo was in July taken before the I-beam was inserted. It clearly shows the new stem from 2008-2009.

You can just see the I-beam just aft of the stem at the very top of the photo.

Here is the new 2008-2009 foredeck being put to good use. The covers are off the hatches to allow good ventilation in the bow area.

There are more photos in the Flickr Album.

You can help us with your DONATION to make sure Ernestina-Morrissey sails again.

David Short Onboard

Fred Sterner and David Short

David Short has been hired by Boothbay Harbor Shipyard as Project Manager for the Ernestina-Morrissey hull reconstruction.  David comes with wide experience working with historic wooden ships such as Lettie G. Howard and Roseway.  Schooner Ernestina Commissioner Fred Sterner met with him recently at the shipyard to discuss the project.

He told Fred it’s great to see all the wood that has been purchased and is seasoning.  ”You know this is going to be done right”

There are more photos in the Flickr Album.

You can help us with your DONATION to make sure Ernestina-Morrissey sails again.

World War II Service

Did you know Ernestina-Morrissey served in World War II?  The ship was sent on secret missions to the Arctic waters known so well by Captain Bartlett to identify sites for and to assist in the construction of and service to Army air bases in Greenland.

There is some information in the archive website.  If you want to know more check out the book “Quest for a Northern Air Route” by Alexander Forbes.  Commander Forbes was assigned to the the Morrissey by the Navy.

News from Boothbay Harbor

These half models, crafted by Capt. Harold Burnham were shown at the recent Schooner Ernestina Commission meeting to demonstrate how the shear of Ernestina-Morrissey will be restored with the work going on at Boothbay Harbor Shipyard.  Although there are no plans from her original construction in Essex in 1893-94, there are plans that were drawn by Southmayd Hatch & Thomas A. Soyster at Staten Island, NY in April 1931.

Half Model, crafted by Capt. Harold A. Burnham, showing the present shear of the Ernestina-Morrissey. The bow's shear was restored during the 2008-2009 work. This model is based on lines recorded by National Park Service HABS/HAER in 2008 and by Andres Williams in 2015

Half Model, crafted by Capt. Harold Burnham, showing the planned shear of the Ernestina-Morrissey. The bow's shear was restored during the 2008-2009 work. The stern will be restored during the work the ship is undergoing now at Boothbay Harbor Shipyard. This model is based on lines recorded by Southmayd Hatch and Thomas A. Soyster at Staten Island in April 1931.

Close up of the sterns of two half models, crafted by Harold A. Burnham, showing the planned shear of the Ernestina-Morrissey. You can see a clear comparison of "before (top) and after (bottom)" The stern will be restored during the work the ship is undergoing now at Boothbay Harbor Shipyard

A supply of bronze screws has arrived at the shipyard.  They were special ordered for the project.

There are two sizes of screws. You can get an idea of the size from the pen.

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